Veronica Campbell Brown

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Veronica Campbell Brown
Veronica Campbell Daegu 2011.jpg
Veronica Campbell Brown at the 2011 World Championships
Personal information
NationalityJamaican
Born (1982-05-15) 15 May 1982 (age 38)
Clarks Town, Trelawny, Jamaica
Height1.64 m (5 ft 5 in)[1]
Weight61 kg (134 lb)[1]
Sport
SportTrack and Field
Event(s)Sprints
College teamArkansas Razorbacks
Medal record
Women's Athletics
Representing  Jamaica
Event1st2nd3rd
Olympic Games332
World Championships371
Commonwealth Games140
World Indoor Championships200
Continental Cup200
World Athletics Final310
World Relay Championships110
World Junior Championships210
CAC Junior Championships400
Carifta Games611
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place2004 Athens200 m
Gold medal – first place2004 Athens4×100 m relay
Gold medal – first place2008 Beijing200 m
Silver medal – second place2000 Sydney4×100 m relay
Silver medal – second place2012 London4×100 m relay
Silver medal – second place2016 Rio de Janeiro4×100 m relay
Bronze medal – third place2004 Athens100 m
Bronze medal – third place2012 London100 m
World Championships
Gold medal – first place2007 Osaka100 m
Gold medal – first place2011 Daegu200 m
Gold medal – first place2015 Beijing4×100 m relay
Silver medal – second place2005 Helsinki100 m
Silver medal – second place2005 Helsinki4×100 m relay
Silver medal – second place2007 Osaka200 m
Silver medal – second place2007 Osaka4×100 m relay
Silver medal – second place2009 Berlin200 m
Silver medal – second place2011 Daegu100 m
Silver medal – second place2011 Daegu4×100 m relay
Bronze medal – third place2015 Beijing200 m
Commonwealth Games
Gold medal – first place2014 Glasgow4×100 m relay
Silver medal – second place2002 Manchester100 m
Silver medal – second place2002 Manchester4 × 100 m relay
Silver medal – second place2006 Melbourne200 m
Silver medal – second place2014 Glasgow100 m
World Indoor Championships
Gold medal – first place2010 Doha60 m
Gold medal – first place2012 Istanbul60 m
Continental Cup
Gold medal – first place2014 Marrakech100 m
Gold medal – first place2014 Marrakech4x100 m relay
Representing Americas
World Athletics Final
Gold medal – first place2004 Monaco100 m
Gold medal – first place2004 Monaco200 m
Gold medal – first place2005 Monaco100 m
Silver medal – second place2005 Monaco200 m
World Relay Championships
Gold medal – first place2015 Nassau4×100 m relay
Silver medal – second place2015 Nassau4×200 m relay
World Junior Championships
Gold medal – first place2000 Santiago100 m
Gold medal – first place2000 Santiago200 m
Silver medal – second place2000 Santiago4×100 m relay
CAC Championships
Gold medal – first place1998 George Town100 m
Gold medal – first place1998 George Yown4x100 m relay
Gold medal – first place2000 San Juan100 m
Gold medal – first place2000 San Juan4x100 m relay
Carifta Games
Gold medal – first place1997 Bridgetown4x100 m relay
Gold medal – first place2000 St. George's200 m
Gold medal – first place2000 St. George's4x100 m relay
Gold medal – first place2001 Bridgetown100 m
Gold medal – first place2001 Bridgetown200 m
Gold medal – first place2001 Bridgetown4x100 m relay
Silver medal – second place2000 St. Georges's100 m
Bronze medal – third place1999 Fort-de-France200 m
World Youth Championships
Gold medal – first place1999 Bydgoszcz100 m
Gold medal – first place1999 Bydgoszcz4x100 m relay

Veronica Campbell Brown, CD (born 15 May 1982) is a Jamaican track and field sprinter, who specializes in the 100 and 200 meters.[2] An eight-time Olympic medalist, she is the second woman in history to win two consecutive Olympic 200 m events, after Bärbel Wöckel of Germany at the 1976 and 1980 Olympics.[3] Campbell Brown is one of only nine athletes to win world championships at the youth, junior, and senior level of an athletic event.

She holds personal bests of 10.76 seconds for the 100 m and 21.74 seconds for the 200 m. She was the 100 m gold medallist at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics and the 200 m gold medallist at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics. She has also won seven silver medals and one bronze medal in her career at the World Championships in Athletics. Over 60 metres, she is a two-time champion at the IAAF World Indoor Championships.

Early life[edit]

Campbell was born to Cecil Campbell and Pamela Bailey[4] in Clarks Town, Trelawny, Jamaica on 15 May 1982. She has nine brothers and sisters and attended Troy Primary and Vere Technical High School in Clarendon before pursuing higher education in the United States at the University of Arkansas.

Junior career[edit]

In 1999, she won two gold medals, the 100 m and 4 x 100 m relay at the inaugural IAAF World Youth Championships. The following year, she became the first female to win the sprint double at the IAAF World Junior Championships. She took the 100 m in 11.12 s (which was a championship record at the time) and the 200 m in 22.87 s. At the 2000 Olympic Games, she ran the second leg on the silver medal winning 4 x 100 m relay team. In 2001, she was awarded the Austin Sealy Trophy for the most outstanding athlete of the 2001 CARIFTA Games.[5][6] That year, she won 3 gold medals (100 m, 200 m, and 4 × 100 m relay) in the junior (U-20) category.

College career[edit]

Campbell attended Barton County Community College in Great Bend, Kansas, where she set several records and won many titles, including four national junior college titles in the 60, 100 and 200 metres both indoors and outdoors. She holds the current record for Barton County CC in the outdoor 100 m and 200 m. Campbell also excelled academically, earning an associate degree from Barton County in 2002 with a 3.8 grade average. She later attended the University of Arkansas, where she stood out as a sprint star in a programme dominated by long-distance runners.

Professional career[edit]

At 18 years old, Campbell Brown won the first Olympic medal of her illustrious career. She competed at the 2000 Summer Olympics in the 4 x 100 m relay along with Tayna Lawrence, Beverly McDonald, Merlene Frazer and sprint veteran and Olympic legend, Merlene Ottey where the team finished second in the finals in a time of 42.13 seconds behind Caribbean neighbors, Bahamas. Campbell Brown had shown herself to be a promising athlete as a junior, having won at the junior level and at Jamaica's yearly Boys and Girls Championship for her high school Vere technical High, the same high school as sprint legend and her icon Merlene Ottey. The Championship has been credited as the engineer behind Jamaica's success on Track and Field World stage. It was here that VCB, as she is known to many, blossomed. The same can be said for fellow Jamaican compatriots such as Usain Bolt and Yohan Blake for example.

At the age of 22, Campbell Brown represented Jamaica at the 2004 Athens Olympics.. She competed in both the 100 m and 200 m. In the finals of the 100 m she placed third. Campbell Brown later competed in the 200 m finals, a race American Allyson Felix was favored to win. VCB went on to decimate the field in the 200 m finals. She ran a blistering curve, and held her form down the final stretch to become the first Jamaican and Caribbean woman in the history of the Olympic games to win a sprint Olympic title. At the medal ceremony, a visibly emotional Campbell Brown was brought to tears as her national anthem was played in the stadium and flag hoisted.

Campbell Brown then teamed up with Aleen Bailey, Tayna Lawrence, and Sherone Simpson in the finals of the 4 × 100 m. VCB ran a scintillating anchor leg as Jamaica went on to win the women's 4 × 100 m. Jamaica created history as it was the first time Jamaica had won the 4 × 100 m relay at the Olympics.

In August 2005, Campbell won the silver medal in the 100 m at the 2005 World Championships in Athletics. She won another silver medal in the 4 x 100 m relay (together with Daniele Browning, Aleen Bailey and Sherone Simpson).

At the 2007 World Championships, Campbell won three medals, a gold in the 100 m, silver in the 200 m (second to Felix) and silver in the 4 x 100 m relay.

At the 2008 Jamaican Olympic trials, she finished fourth in the 100 m, thereby missing the qualifying requirement to automatically make the Jamaican Olympic roster for that event. She clocked 10.88 s in the final, which is the second fastest time ever for a fourth-place finish. She however bounced back to take the 200 m final in what was then a personal best time of 21.94 s. Having failed to qualify for the 100 m, she only competed in the 200 m and the 4 x 100 m relay at the Olympic Games. At the opening ceremony of the 2008 Olympics, Veronica Campbell Brown carried the Jamaican flag during the Athletes' Parade. She successfully defended her Olympic 200 m title in a new personal best time of 21.74 s. She competed at the 4 x 100 m relay together with Shelly-Ann Fraser, Sheri-Ann Brooks and Aleen Bailey. In the first round heats, Jamaica placed first in front of Russia, Germany and China. The Jamaican teams' time of 42.24 s was the first time overall out of sixteen participating nations. With this result, Jamaica qualified for the final, replacing Brooks and Bailey with Sherone Simpson and Kerron Stewart. Jamaica did not finish the race due to a mistake in the baton exchange.[2]

At the end of the 2008 season, Campbell Brown was selected the top 200 m runner in the world as well as the fourth best in the 100 m (following three other Jamaicans) by Track and Field News. She also finished eighth overall in voting for the magazine's Woman of the Year.[7]

She qualified for her third World Championships by winning the 200 m national title. She beat runners up Shelly Ann Fraser and Simone Facey with a time of 22.40 seconds in June 2009, although a toe injury had left her lacking full fitness.[8] At the 2009 World Championships Campbell Brown was fourth in the 100 m final behind teammates Fraser and Stewart. She then won her second World 200 m silver behind American Allyson Felix. She closed the season at the Shanghai Golden Grand Prix, recording her fastest of the year (10.89) to take second behind Carmelita Jeter, who became the second fastest ever with 10.64 seconds.[9] Although she was beaten by Jeter, Campbell Brown was the fourth fastest 100 m sprinter overall that season.[10]

In 2010, she won her first World Indoor 60m Gold medal in a time of 7.00. She later went on to run the fastest time for the 200 m in 21.98 in New York. She also ran a 10.78 in Eugene Oregon beating Fraser Pryce and Jeter.

In 2011 Veronica Campbell Brown won the Jamaican athletic trials in both the 100 & 200 m and was one of the favorites for both gold medals at the world championships in Daegu. At the championships she won the silver medal in the women's 100 m in 10.98 behind Jeter, who won in 10.90. She later went on to win her first 200 m world title in a timer of 22.22, beating Jeter and Felix who were second and third respectively. In 2015 Campbell made it to the Semi's and Finals of the World Championships 100 and 200m, Finishing 3rd in the 200m which was won by Dafne Schippers.

In 2012, she defended her 60m World Indoor Gold medal where she won in a time of 7.01. Later in June Veronica qualified for the 2012 Olympic games in London in both the 100 m and the 200 m. In the 100 m she came third behind Shelly Ann Fraser Pryce and Carmelita Jeter.[11] In the 200 m she finished just outside the medals in 4th place, 0.24 of a second outside of bronze.[12] In the 4 × 100 m relay final, she and the Jamaican team came second behind the U.S., which won in a new world record of 40.82 s.[13]

In 2014, Campbell Brown competed at the 2014 World Indoor Championships in Sopot, Poland, and over the 60 m race, ending up in 5th placed with a time of 7.13 s.

In 2015, Cambell Brown competed at the 2015 World Championships in Athletics in Beijing, China, and participated in sprint events of 100 m, 200 m and 4 × 100 m relay—where she finished in fourth place with a time of 10.91 s, won the bronze medal with a time of 21.97 s and secured the gold with a time of 41.07 s respectively.

Campbell Brown also for the 2016 Rio Olympics in the 200 m and 4 × 100 m relay. In the 200 m, she did not make it out of the heats and finished in 27th place with a time of 22.97 s but won the silver as part of the Jamaican team in the 4 × 100 m relay with a time of 41.36 s behind the US team which finished with a time of 41.01 s.

Positive doping test[edit]

On 14 June 2013 it was reported that Campbell Brown had tested positive for diuretics while competing at the JAAA Supreme Ventures, a Jamaican meet.[14] She was provisionally suspended from competition. Campbell Brown denied that she had intentionally taken any banned substances.[15] On 2 October 2013 she was cleared by the Jamaica Athletics Administrative Association (JAAA) to resume competition. The panel said this is not one of the most serious offences and it was appropriate that she should be given a public warning, with no ban from competition. They deemed she did not use the prohibited substance for performance enhancement.[16] The substance in question—Lasix, not necessarily a performance-enhancing drug, but rather a potential masking agent for other banned substances—was contained in a cream the athlete had used for a leg injury.[17][18]

The International Association of Athletics Federations appealed this decision at the Court of Arbitration for Sport. The court decided to clear Campbell Brown of all doping charges as the JAAA doping procedures did not comply with required international standards.[19]

Personal life[edit]

In 2007, Campbell married Omar Brown, a fellow Jamaican sprinter and University of Arkansas alumnus, changing her name to Campbell-Brown, a few years later she dropped the hyphen from her name, changing it to Campbell Brown. They currently live and train in Clermont, Florida. She was appointed as a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador in late 2009, and stated that she would use the role to promote gender equity in sport.[20]

Achievements[edit]

Campbell Brown's personal best of 10.76 s in the 100 m ranks her all-time top ten in the world (9th place) and fourth among Jamaican women. Her 200 m best (21.74 s) ranks her in the all-time top ten in the world. This time is the third best among Jamaican women. It is the fourth fastest time of the 21st century, and was the fastest since Marion Jones's 21.62 s in Johannesburg 1998.[21] She has earned a total of 46 medals in her illustrious career (27 gold, 16 silver, 3 bronze).

Personal bests[edit]

EventTime (seconds)VenueDateRemarks
60 metres7.00Doha, Qatar14 March 2010
100 yards9.91+Ostrava, Czech Republic31 May 2011Official World Best
100 metres10.76Ostrava, Czech Republic31 May 2011
200 metres21.74Beijing, China21 August 2008
400 metres52.24Fayetteville, Arkansas, United States22 January 2005

+ = en route to a longer distance

  • All information from IAAF Profile[1]

Competition record[edit]

Veronica Campbell Brown at the 2009 World Championships
YearCompetitionVenuePositionEventNotes
Representing  Jamaica
1996CAC Junior Championships (U-17)San Salvador, El Salvador1st4 × 100 m relay46.31
1997CARIFTA Games (U-20)Bridgetown, Barbados1st4 × 100 m relay45.27
1998CAC Junior Championships (U-17)George Town, Cayman Islands1st100 m11.72 w (2.4 m/s)
1st4 × 100 m relay45.35
World Junior ChampionshipsAnnecy, France17th (qf)100 m12.04 (wind: -0.7 m/s)
1999CARIFTA Games (U-20)Fort-de-France, Martinique3rd200 m23.84 (1.6 m/s)
World Youth ChampionshipsBydgoszcz, Poland1st100 m11.49
2000CARIFTA Games (U-20)St. George's, Grenada2nd100 m11.41
1st200 m23.05 (1.2 m/s) CR
1st4 × 100 m relay44.63
World Junior ChampionshipsSantiago, Chile1st100m11.12 (wind: +2.0 m/s)
1st200m22.87 (wind: +0.7 m/s)
2nd4 × 100 m relay44.05
Olympic GamesSydney, Australia2nd4 × 100 m relay42.13
2001CARIFTA Games (U-20)Bridgetown, Barbados1st100 m11.32 (0.0 m/s)
1st200 m22.93 (−1.6 m/s) CR
1st4 × 100 m relay44.96
2002Commonwealth GamesManchester, England2nd100 m11.00 (1.5 m/s)
2nd4 × 100 m relay42.73
2004Olympic GamesAthens, Greece3rd100 m10.97
1st200 m22.05
1st4 × 100 m relay41.73 NR
World Athletics FinalMonaco, Monaco1st100 m10.91
1st200 m22.64
2005World ChampionshipsHelsinki, Finland2nd100 m10.95
4th200 m22.38
2nd4 × 100 m relay41.99
World Athletics FinalMonaco, Monaco1st100 m10.92
2nd200 m22.37
2006Commonwealth GamesMelbourne, Australia2nd200 m22.72
2007World ChampionshipsOsaka, Japan1st100 m11.01
2nd200 m22.34
2nd4 × 100 m relay42.01
2008Olympic GamesBeijing, China1st200 m21.74 (0.6 m/s)
DNF4 × 100 m relay
2009World ChampionshipsBerlin, Germany4th100 m10.95
2nd200 m22.35
2010World Indoor ChampionshipsDoha, Qatar1st60 m7.00
2011World ChampionshipsDaegu, Korea2nd100 metres10.97 (−0.4 m/s)
1st200 metres22.22 (−1.0 m/s)
2nd4 x 100 metres relay41.70 NR
2012World Indoor ChampionshipsIstanbul, Turkey1st60 m7.01
2012Olympic GamesLondon, England3rd100 metres10.81   
4th200 metres22.38   
2nd4 × 100 m relay41.41 NR
2014World Indoor ChampionshipsSopot, Poland5th60 m7.13
2015World ChampionshipsBeijing, China4th100 m10.91
3rd200 m21.97
1st4 × 100 m relay41.07
2016Olympic GamesRio de Janeiro, Brazil27th (h)200 m22.97
2nd4 × 100 m relay41.36

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "IAAF: Veronica CAMPBELL-BROWN - Profile". iaaf.org.
  2. ^ a b Athlete biography: Veronica Campbell Brown, beijing2008.cn, ret: 30 August 2008
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "LIFE - TIME" – via time.com.
  5. ^ Carifta Games Magazine, Part 2 (PDF), Carifta Games 2011, archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2012, retrieved 12 October 2011
  6. ^ Carifta Games Magazine, Part 3 (PDF), Carifta Games 2011, archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2012, retrieved 12 October 2011
  7. ^ Track & Field News February 2009
  8. ^ Foster, Anthony (29 June 2009). Bolt completes double; ‘Not 100%’ Veronica Campbell Brown runs 22.40 – JAM Champs, Day 3. IAAF. Retrieved on 29 June 2009.
  9. ^ Yung, Jean (20 September 2009). Gay 9.69 and Jeter 10.64 at 100 m; Liu Xiang makes dazzling comeback – Shanghai Golden Grand Prix. IAAF. Retrieved on 7 October 2009.
  10. ^ 100 Metres 2009. IAAF (2 October 2009). Retrieved on 7 October 2009.
  11. ^ "London 2012 - Athletics - Women's 100 m". www.olympic.org. IOC. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  12. ^ "London 2012 - Athletics - Women's 200 m". www.olympic.org. IOC. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  13. ^ "London 2012 - Athletics - Women's 4 x 100 m relay". www.olympic.org. IOC. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  14. ^ Veronica Campbell Brown tests positive for banned substance: Jamaican news report Archived 18 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ VCB camp breaks silence, says athlete will vigorously try to clear name . Jamaica Gleaner (18 June 2013). Retrieved on 29 July 2014.
  16. ^ Veronica Campbell Brown clear to compete after failed drugs test. BBC Sport (3 October 2014). Retrieved on 29 July 2014.
  17. ^ "Veronica Campbell-Brown receives warning, no suspension from Jamaican track and field panel". nbcsports.com. 3 October 2013.
  18. ^ Ingle, Sean (3 October 2013). "Veronica Campbell-Brown clears hurdle in bid to compete again". The Guardian.
  19. ^ Veronica Campbell Brown cleared of doping due to 'deplorable' mistakes. The Guardian (15 April 2014). Retrieved on 29 July 2014.
  20. ^ Campbell Brown, Veronica (7 October 2009). Veronica Campbell Brown named Unesco Ambassador – IAAF Online Diaries. IAAF. Retrieved on 7 October 2009.
  21. ^ 200 Metres All Time. IAAF. Retrieved on 7 September 2015.

External links[edit]

Official Website
  • Veronica Campbell Brown at World Athletics
  • IAAF "Focus on Athletes" article
  • Veronica Campbell Photos
Awards
Preceded by
Brigitte Foster
Sherone Simpson
Jamaica Sportswoman of the Year
2004, 2005
2007–2011
Succeeded by
Sherone Simpson
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Achievements
Preceded by
Allyson Felix
Women's 200 m Best Year Performance
2004
Succeeded by
Allyson Felix
Olympic Games
Preceded by
Sandie Richards
Flagbearer for  Jamaica
Beijing 2008
Succeeded by
Usain Bolt