Hicham El Guerrouj

จาก Wikipedia สารานุกรมเสรี
ข้ามไปที่การนำทางข้ามไปที่การค้นหา
Hichame El Guerrouj
Hicham El Guerrouj cropped.jpg
El Guerrouj ในปี 2010
ข้อมูลส่วนบุคคล
สัญชาติโมร็อกโก
เกิด (1974-09-14) 14 กันยายน 1974 (อายุ 46) [1]
Berkane , โมร็อกโก[2]
ความสูง176 ซม. (5 ฟุต 9 นิ้ว) [3]
น้ำหนัก58 กก. (128 ปอนด์) [3]
กีฬา
กีฬาติดตาม
เหตุการณ์1,500 เมตร , ไมล์ , 2,000 เมตร , 5000 เมตร
กลายเป็นมืออาชีพพ.ศ. 2537
เกษียณแล้วพ.ศ. 2547
ความสำเร็จและชื่อ
รอบชิงชนะเลิศระดับโลก1995 Göteborg
1500 m  Silver
1997 Athens
1500 m  Gold
1999 Seville
1500 m  Gold
2001 Edmonton
1500 m  Gold
2003 Paris
1500 m  Gold
5000 m  Silver
รอบชิงชนะเลิศโอลิมปิก1996 Atlanta
1500 ม. 12
2000 ซิดนีย์
1500 ม.  เงิน
2004 เอเธนส์
1500 ม.  ทอง
5,000 ม.  ทอง
ส่วนบุคคลที่ดีที่สุด (s)1500 ม. : 3: 26.00 (WR) [4]
ไมล์ : 3: 43.13 (WR) [4]
ในร่ม 1500 ม. : 3: 31.18 [4]
ไมล์ในร่ม : 3: 48.45 [4]
2000 ม. : 4: 44.79 (WR ) [4]
3000 ม. : 7: 23.09 [4]
5000 ม. : 12: 50.24 [4]
บันทึกเหรียญ
กรีฑาชาย
เป็นตัวแทนของโมร็อกโก  
เหตุการณ์1 เซนต์2 ครั้ง3
กีฬาโอลิมปิก210
ชิงแชมป์โลก420
ชิงแชมป์โลกในร่ม300
รวม930
กีฬาโอลิมปิก
Gold medal – first place เอเธนส์ 20041500 ม
Gold medal – first place เอเธนส์ 20045000 ม
Silver medal – second place ซิดนีย์ 20001500 ม
ชิงแชมป์โลก
Gold medal – first place1997 เอเธนส์1500 ม
Gold medal – first placeเซบีย่า 19991500 ม
Gold medal – first place2544 เอ็ดมันตัน1500 ม
Gold medal – first place2003 ปารีส1500 ม
Silver medal – second place1995 โกเธนเบิร์ก1500 ม
Silver medal – second place2003 ปารีส5000 ม
ชิงแชมป์โลกในร่ม
Gold medal – first place1995 บาร์เซโลนา1500 ม
Gold medal – first place1997 ปารีส1500 ม
Gold medal – first placeลิสบอน 20013000 ม

Hicham El Guerrouj ( อาหรับ : هشامالݣروج , Hishāmu l-Karrūj ; เบอร์เบอร์ : Hisham El Gerruj, ⵀⵉⵛⴰⵎⴻⵍⴳⴻⵔⵔⵓⵊ; เกิด 14 กันยายน พ.ศ. 2517) เป็นนักวิ่งระยะกลางชาวโมร็อกโกที่ เกษียณแล้ว El Guerrouj ปัจจุบันการบันทึกสถิติโลกผู้ถือกลางแจ้ง1,500 เมตร , ไมล์และ2,000 เมตรเหตุการณ์ เขายังเก็บสถิติโลกในร่มสำหรับระยะทาง 1,500 เมตรจนถึงปี 2019 และเป็นผู้ชายคนเดียวตั้งแต่Paavo Nurmiได้รับเหรียญทองทั้งในระยะ1,500 เมตรและ5,000 เมตรในกีฬาโอลิมปิกเดียวกัน. He has also won the world championship in the 1500 meters four consecutive times in 1997, 1999, 2001, and 2003.

El Guerrouj holds 7 of the fastest 10 times ever run in the 1500 metres and in the mile.[5][6] He is considered by many to be the greatest middle-distance runner of all time.[7][8] In November 2014, he was inducted into the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) Hall of Fame.[9]

Early career[edit]

Born in Berkane, Hicham El Guerrouj's first international triumph was at age 18, when he was third in the 5000 metres of the 1992 Junior World Championships in Seoul, behind Haile Gebrselassie of Ethiopia and Ismael Kirui of Kenya. A year later, he was the #2 man on the Moroccan team at the World Junior Cross Country Championships.

In 1994, he was a member of the Moroccan team in the 1994 IAAF World Road Relay Championships, which won the race in world record time.[10]

El Guerrouj rose to international prominence in the mid-1990s with near-record times in the 1500 metres and mile. At the age of 20 he finished second in the 1500 metres to then world record holder Noureddine Morceli at the 1995 World Championships in Gothenburg. In 1996 after setting a new personal best in the 1500 metres of 3:29.59 in Stockholm, he was considered one of the favourites for the Olympic gold.

1996 Atlanta Olympics – 1999 season[edit]

El Guerrouj competed in his first Olympic Games in 1996 at Atlanta. Running the 1500 metres final, as he was moving into position to challenge for the lead,[11] he fell with 400 m to go and finished last in 12th place. He had been expected to challenge the world record holder and three-time World champion, Noureddine Morceli.[12][13]

One month later, at the Grand Prix final in Milan, El Guerrouj became the first runner to defeat Morceli over 1500 m in four years.[14] In the following years, El Guerrouj became the only middle distance runner to win four consecutive world titles in 1997,[15] 1999,[16] 2001, and 2003.[17]

El Guerrouj set two world indoor records at the start of the 1997 season, starting with a 1500 m record of 3:31.18 at the Sparkassen Cup, which was not beaten until 22 years later, in 2019 by Samuel Tefera. He also set a new indoor best of 3:48.45 in the mile run at the Indoor Flanders meeting a few weeks later. In 1998 in Rome, El Guerrouj broke Morceli's 1500 m world record (3:27.37) with a time of 3:26.00.[18][19][20]

In 1999, also in Rome, El Guerrouj broke the world record in the mile set by Noureddine Morceli in 1993, with a time of 3:43.13. Noah Ngeny of Kenya, who ran second, was also under the previous world record with a time of 3:43.40. This was the first time in over 40 years that two men had bettered the mile world record in the same race.[21]

Later that season he set a new world record over 2000 m in Berlin at 4:44.79, bettering the previous mark set by Morceli by more than three seconds. He also ran the second fastest 3000 m ever in Brussels.

2000 Sydney Olympics – 2003 season[edit]

At the Sydney Olympics, El Guerrouj was favourite to take gold but finished second in the 1500 metres, behind Noah Ngeny, a talented Kenyan runner at the peak of his career who had run as El Guerrouj's pacemaker when El Guerrouj ran his 1500m world record in Rome in 1998.[22][23][24]

El Guerrouj successfully defended his 1500 m title in the 2001 and 2003 World Championships and came close to breaking his own 1500 m record in Brussels in 2001 with a time of 3:26.12. He also won 3 consecutive IAAF Golden League prizes in 2001, 2002 and 2003. He was the only middle distance athlete to produce the winning streak necessary to be entitled for a share of the jackpot of 50 kilograms (1,608 troy ounces) of gold (2000–2002) or US$1 million (1998–1999, 2003–present). He remains the only athlete to have won it three times in a row.[citation needed]

In 2003, El Guerrouj set a personal best of 12:50.24 in the 5000 metres, which is the 16th fastest ever in the event. Later in the year, at the World Track & Field Championships, he finished a close second to Kenyan Eliud Kipchoge in the 5000 metres, adding a silver to the gold he had previously won in the 1500 metres.

2004 Athens Olympics and retirement[edit]

El Guerrouj and Carlos García at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens

After a relatively poor start to the 2004 season that included slow times and an 8th-place finish in a 1500-metre race in Rome, El Guerrouj entered both the 1500 metres and the 5000 metres at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece.

Only 20 days before the Olympic final, 2000 Olympic bronze medalist Bernard Lagat ran the fastest 1500 m in 2004 (3:27.40), narrowly defeating El Guerrouj (3:27.64) at the Weltklasse Zürich meet on August 6. On August 24, in the final straight of the Olympic 1500m final, El Guerrouj beat Lagat by 0.12 seconds, winning the gold medal. In the finale, entering the home straight El Guerrouj led, only to be overtaken by Lagat- and then El Guerrouj re-took the lead a few strides from the line.[25]

Four days later, El Guerrouj won the 5,000 m final with a time of 13:14.39, preventing Kenenisa Bekele from achieving the 5000 m/10000 m distance double, last achieved by Ethiopian Miruts Yifter in 1980 Moscow Olympics.[26]

El Guerrouj became the first man in 80 years to win both 1500m and 5000m titles in the same Olympics, previously achieved only by the "Flying Finn" Paavo Nurmi in 1924.

Having fulfilled his sporting ambitions, El Guerrouj never competed internationally again and announced his retirement on May 22, 2006.[27][28]

Awards and honors[edit]

His sporting career is marked by numerous recognitions such as the award to humanitarian effort from the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), which he received in 1996. He is also a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador. El Guerrouj was named IAAF World Athlete of the Year in 2001, 2002 and 2003 after remaining unbeaten in more than 20 races, becoming the first man to win the award in consecutive years. He was also named best athlete of the year by the athletics journal Track and Field News in 2002. In 2003, he was elected as a member of the IAAF Athletes Committee.

On September 7, 2004, El Guerrouj was decorated with the "Cordon de Commandeur" by King Mohammed VI of Morocco. In the same year, he was awarded the Prince of Asturias Awards.[29]

He was a member of the International Olympic Committee Athletes' Commission from 2004 to 2012.

Hicham El Guerrouj is today an Ambassador for Peace and Sport, a Monaco-based international organization,[30] as well as a member of its "Champions for Peace" club, a group of 54 famous elite athletes committed to serving peace in the world through sport.

International competitions[edit]

YearCompetitionVenuePositionEventNotes
Representing  Morocco
1992World Junior ChampionshipsSeoul, South Korea3rd5000 m13:46.79
1995World Indoor ChampionshipsBarcelona, Spain1st1500 m3:44.54
World ChampionshipsGothenburg, Sweden2nd1500 m3:35.28
1996Olympic GamesAtlanta, United States12th1500 m3:40.75
1997World Indoor ChampionshipsParis, France1st1500 m3:35.31
World ChampionshipsAthens, Greece1st1500 m3:35.83
1999World ChampionshipsSeville, Spain1st1500 m3:27.65 CR
2000Olympic GamesSydney, Australia2nd1500 m3:32.32
2001World Indoor ChampionshipsLisbon, Portugal1st3000 m7:37.74
World ChampionshipsEdmonton, Canada1st1500 m3:30.68
2003World ChampionshipsParis, France1st1500 m3:31.77
2nd5000 m12:52.83
2004Olympic GamesAthens, Greece1st1500 m3:34.18
1st5000 m13:14.39

IAAF Grand Prix performances[edit]

  • 1997
    • Stuttgart: 3:31.18 indoor 1500 m
    • Gand: 3:48.45 indoor mile
  • 1998
    • Golden Gala: 3:26.00 WR 1500 m
  • 1999
    • Golden Gala: 3:43.13 WR mile
    • 1999 IAAF Grand Prix Final: 4:44.79 WR 2000 metres

Personal bests[edit]

The following table includes El Guerrouj's personal best times as published by the IAAF:[4]

DistanceMarkDateLocation
800 metres1:47.182 June 1995Torino
1000 metres2:16.8512 July 1995Nice
1500 metres WR3:26.0014 July 1998Rome
Indoor 1500 metres3:31.182 February 1997Stuttgart
Mile WR3:43.137 July 1999Rome
Indoor mile3:48.4512 February 1997Ghent
2000 metres WR4:44.797 September 1997Berlin
3000 metres7:23.093 September 1999Brussels
Indoor 3000 metres7:33.7323 February 2003Liévin
Indoor 2 miles8:06.6123 February 2003Liévin
5000 metres12:50.2412 March 2003Ostrava
Ekiden1:57:5617 April 1994Litochoro

Awards[edit]

  • World Athlete of the Year: 2001, 2002, 2003
  • Track & Field News Athlete of the Year: 1999, 2001, 2002
  • L'Équipe Champion of Champions: 2005
  • IAAF Hall of Fame: 2014

See also[edit]

  • 1500 metres world record progression
  • Mile run world record progression

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Hicham El Guerrouj". iaaf.org. International Association of Athletics Federations. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  2. ^ "Hicham El Guerrouj". sports-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 6 December 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Hicham El Guerrouj". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Hicham EL GUERROUJ - Athlete Profile". IAAF.
  5. ^ "All-time men's best 1500 m". IAAF. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  6. ^ "All-time best senior outdoor one mile men". IAAF.
  7. ^ "IAAF: El Guerrouj: the greatest of all time". iaaf.org.
  8. ^ "El Guerrouj confirms his retirement". The Irish Times.
  9. ^ "IAAF: Twelve athletics legends inducted into IAAF Hall of Fame". iaaf.org.
  10. ^ "untitled". www.arrs.run.
  11. ^ "Atlanta Olympics 1996 - Men's 1500m". 14 November 2006 – via YouTube.
  12. ^ 1996 Atlanta Olympics sporting-heroes.net: El Guerrouj fell to the ground
  13. ^ 1996 Atlanta Olympics YouTube video: Atlanta Olympics 1996 - Men's 1500m final
  14. ^ "Marco Veledíaz - Training of the Maroccan World Class Athletes". Archived from the original on 10 February 2007. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
  15. ^ YouTube video 1500m final - 1997 World Championships
  16. ^ YouTube video 1500m final - 1999 World Championships
  17. ^ YouTube video 1500m final - 2003 World Championships
  18. ^ YouTube video: Hicham El Guerrouj sets a new world record at 1500m in 1998
  19. ^ "IAAF: 60 Metres". iaaf.org.
  20. ^ World Record progression of men 1500m Archived 2013-07-30 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ YouTube video: Hicham El Guerrouj sets a world record in the mile in 1999
  22. ^ 2000 Sydney Olympics YouTube video: Men's 1500m
  23. ^ El Guerrouj, a picture of despair, The Guardian, 30 Sep 2000
  24. ^ Noah Ngeny - Kenya - Olympic gold at 1500 metres, sporting-heroes.net
  25. ^ 2004 Athens Olympics YouTube video: Men's 1500m final
  26. ^ 2004 Athens Olympics YouTube video: Men's 5000m final
  27. ^ El Guerrouj retires from track - cbc.ca
  28. ^ King of Middle Distance, Hicham El Guerrouj retires - IAAF
  29. ^ Thousands of asturian children of all ages to join Hicham El Guerrouj in a race for peace Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine - fundacionprincipedeasturias.org
  30. ^ "Peace and Sport". www.peace-sport.org.

External links[edit]

  • Video of Hicham El Guerrouj breaking the mile world record
  • Hicham El Guerrouj at World Athletics
  • El Guerrouj diary at IAAF
Records
Preceded by
Noureddine Morceli
Men's 1500 m World Record Holder
July 14, 1998 –
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Noureddine Morceli
Men's Mile World Record Holder
July 7, 1999 –
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Haile Gebrselassie
Virgilijus Alekna
Men's Track & Field News Athlete of the Year
1999
2001, 2002
Succeeded by
Virgilijus Alekna
Félix Sánchez
Preceded by
Jan Železný
IAAF World Athlete of the Year
2001 – 2003
Succeeded by
Kenenisa Bekele
Preceded by
Michael Schumacher
L'Équipe Champion of Champions
2004
Succeeded by
Roger Federer
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Haile Gebrselassie
Benjamin Limo
Men's 3000 m Best Year Performance
1999
2003
Succeeded by
Ali Saïdi-Sief
Eliud Kipchoge